Toward Development-Centered Climate Change Policy at the International Monetary Fund

Climate change and policy responses to address climate change pose significant risks to financial and fiscal stability, poverty and inequality, and the long-run growth prospects of the world economy. In the midst of a global pandemic, 2021 has already been marked by a slew of extreme weather events, wreaking havoc on countries and economies across the globe. While climate change presents unprecedented risk to life, and the world economy, as we know it, climate action presents an opportunity to build a 21st century productive growth and stability model that allows the international community to adapt to a changing climate while raising levels of prosperity across the world.

As the only multilateral, rules-based institution charged with promoting the stability of the international financial and monetary system in order to enable longer-run growth, the Inter- national Monetary Fund (IMF) has a central role to play in the transition to a low carbon and resilient global economy.

To that end, the Task Force on Climate, Development and the International Monetary Fund is a consortium of experts from around the world convened to support the Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four and the Vulnerable Group of Twenty Ministers of Finance. The Task Force engages in and utilizes rigorous, empirical research to advance IMF policies that align international financial stability and growth with global climate goals. Core to the Task Force’s mission is advancing a development-centered approach to climate change at the IMF.

This initial strategy report will function as the founding guidelines of the Task Force. First, it provides the context of the issue, highlighting the urgent need for development-centered climate action. Second, it envisions three key elements that should form a development-cen- tered approach to climate change at the IMF:

  • Multilateral surveillance and global leadership

  • Bilateral surveillance and capacity development

  • A climate-aligned IMF finance toolkit

Finally, it outlines a set of five principles that should guide the evolution of IMF climate strate- gies for the next decade and beyond:

  • Adopt the global role in addressing the macroeconomic implications of climate risk, cli- mate action and asymmetries.

  • Align short-term stability concerns with longer-term sustainable and resilient growth pathways.

  • Tailor policy advice to member country circumstances.

  • Empower national and stakeholder ownership of policy.

  • Reconcile shared climate goals with equity and appropriate burden sharing.

    Learn more about the Task Force on Climate, Development and the IMF at